Protect Yourself from H1N1

3 08 2009

Source: UNICEF Malaysia

The management and Pasti As-Salam PIBG would like to alert all parents and guardians of Pasti students to take precautions on the current epidemic of H1N1. Here are some precautions and protections that you need to aware off.

Print this and make it available for your whole family.

You can also print the brochure to stick on wall at home.

Got the flu? Protect yourself!

What is influenza?

  • Influenza is an infectious illness that spreads from person to person, mainly through coughing or sneezing of infected people.

Is Influenza the same as a common cold?

  • Influenza is different than a common cold.
  • A common cold starts gradually and usually only causes a mild sore throat, a cough and sneezing, and a stuffy, running nose. It is milder than influenza and usually you can carry on with normal activities.

What are the symptoms of influenza?

  • Sudden onset of fever over 38 degrees Celsius
  • Aching muscles and headache
  • Extreme tiredness and a desire to stay in bed
  • Dry cough
  • Runny or stuffy nose, sometimes a sore throat
  • Loss of appetite

What can I do to protect myself from the virus?

  • Wash hands frequently – before eating, after coughing or sneezing, and after the toilet. Use soap and warm water and rub surfaces thoroughly for 15 seconds.
  • Don’t share eating utensils and drinking glasses.
  • Don’t shake hands during an infuenza pandemic.
  • Avoid touching your mouth, nose and eyes. If you do touch them, wash your hands.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing. Wash hands after doing so. Use a tissue and throw it in the trash after you use it.
  • Clean utensils used by sick people or surfaces they touch with warm, soapy water or a disinfectant.
  • Avoid large crowds if an influenza pandemic is declared.
  • Don’t smoke. Cigarettes make it easier to catch influenza.
  • Wear masks or scarfs in public or if around sick people if a pandemic occurs.

What should I do if I think I have influenza?

  • Measure your temperature. If it is not  38 degrees Celsius or above it is probably not influenza.
  • Rest – no vigorous exercise. Avoid contact with others. STAY AT HOME.
  • Drink plenty of fluids, a glass of water or juice every hour.
  • Take paracetamol for fever. It does not kill the virus but helps you feel better.
  • Gargle with warm water to ease the pain of a sore throat.
  • If your nose is plugged, saline or salt nose drops might help.
  • Keep your nose clean with disposable tissues and dispose of them in the garbage. Wash hands afterwards.
  • Do not smoke.

When should I seek further medical attention?

Warning signs in children:

  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing
  • Bluish skin color
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Not waking up or not interacting
  • Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
  • Fever with a rash

Warning signs in adults:

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Severe or persistent vomiting



One response

13 05 2010

salam ziarah

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